WAY, LEWIS° (1773–1840), British missionary. Way was educated at Eton and Oxford and became a barrister. At the age of 40, out of religious inclination, he became interested in Jews and Judaism and joined a British missionary society. He visited Jewish settlements in eastern Europe and came to the conclusion that the Jews should be granted civil rights and their economic situation improved, so that they would become attracted to Christianity. During his stay in Russia, Way heard about the interest of Czar alexander i in the conversion of Jews. In 1818, during the assembly of the heads of the European states (Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen), he submitted several memoranda to Alexander I and other participants in which he suggested granting Jews equal rights and access to public office, compulsory military service, apportionment of land for Jewish agricultural settlement, and encouragement of the settlers through exemption from taxes and granting of loans. He suggested compelling poor Jews to teach their sons a craft, the opening of educational institutions to Jews, and the establishment of elementary schools for Jewish children. On the other hand, Way proposed taking strong measures against those Jews engaged in nonproductive professions. Under the influence of Alexander I the participants at the conference adopted a favorable attitude to Way's memoranda, though without any practical results. The memoranda were published in 1819 under the title Mémoire sur l'état des israélites dédiés a leurs Majestés Impériales et Royales réunies au congrès d'Aix-la-Chapelle. It probably had a certain influence on czar nicholas i and his government in determining their Jewish policy. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.F.A. de Le Roi. Geschichte der evangelischen Judenmission seit Entstehung des neueren Judentums (1899; = Die evangelische Christenheit und die Juden …, vols. 2–3, 1891), indexes; Dubnow, Divrei, 9 (19582), 90–91. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online. (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lewis's trilemma — (or the Lewis Triumvirate) is a syllogism intended to demonstrate the logical inconsistency of both holding Jesus of Nazareth to be a great moral teacher while also denying his divinity. It was popularised by C. S. Lewis in a BBC radio talk and… …   Wikipedia

  • Way of the Gun — Données clés Titre original The Way of the Gun Sociétés de production Artisan Entertainment Aqaba Productions Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lewis Gordon — Lewis Ricardo Gordon (born 1962) is a Jamaican philosopher who works in the areas of Africana philosophy, philosophy of human and life sciences, phenomenology, philosophy of existence, social and political theory, postcolonial thought, theories… …   Wikipedia

  • Way of the gun — (titre original aux USA : The Way of the Gun) de Christopher McQuarrie est un mélange de film noir et de western spaghetti sorti en 2000. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique 3 Distribution …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lewis Burwell Puller, Jr. — Lewis Burwell Puller, Jr. (August 18, 1945 – May 11, 1994) was an attorney, Pulitzer prize winning author and officer in the United States Marine Corps. He was severely wounded in the Vietnam War.Life and careerLewis Burwell Puller Jr. was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Lewis v. Harris — 908 A.2d 196 (N.J. 2006), is a New Jersey Supreme Court case that held that same sex couples are entitled to the same equal protection as heterosexual couples under the state constitution.The court unanimously agreed that current state law is un …   Wikipedia

  • Lewis Page Mercier — Born 9 Jan 1820 Died 2 Nov 1875 Nationality British Education BA (Oxon) 1841, M.A. 1855 Occupation Chaplain of the Foundling Hospital, 1861 1873 …   Wikipedia

  • Lewis and Clark Expedition — ➡ Lewis and Clark * * * (1804–06) First overland expedition to the U.S. Pacific coast and back, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Initiated by Pres. Thomas Jefferson, the expedition set out to find an overland route to the Pacific,… …   Universalium

  • Lewis Masonic — Lewis Masonic, founded in 1801, is the largest and oldest Masonic publisher in the World. Lewis Masonic is well known to English Freemasons, as Lewis produces many of the ritual books used by United Grand Lodge of England lodges and Holy Royal… …   Wikipedia

  • Lewis Nkosi — (5 December 1936 – 5 September 2010) was a South African writer and essayist. He was a multifaceted personality, and attempted every literary genre, literary criticism, poetry, drama, and novels. Contents 1 Early life 2 Later life 2.1 Literary… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.